- "Скромно, просто, прагматично", - именно так приказал председатель КНР Си Цзиньпин отмечать предстоящее в декабре 120-летие со дня рождения "великого кормчего" Мао Цзэдуна. Понятия скромности и прагматизма в китайских реалиях оказались весьма растяжимыми. На родине основателя КНР в городе Шаошань провинции Хунань на торжества по случаю круглой даты выделено 2 млрд юаней (327 миллионов долларов).
- Лубком по коррупции. Комиссия по проверке дисциплины КПК стала публиковать лубочные комиксы про искоренение коррупции. Рисовать народные картинки о борьбе с казнокрадами и взяточниками поручено художникам из уезда Цюсянь провинции Хэбэй, который знаменит своими мастерами лубка - там живет до 3000 умельцев от этого народного искусства.
- International catfight on a plain! В провинции Юньнань сорван рейс Сишуанбаньна-Куньмин из-за устроенной на борту лайнера драки между четырьмя китаянками и некоей "иностранной четой". Конфликт вспыхнул из-за того, что пассажиры не смогли поделить багажные места. Иностранных подданных оттаскали за волосы и побили термосом. Мне кажется, что виновата исключительно китайская сторона. Всем прекрасно известно, что граждане Народной Республики ломятся в салон воздушного судна с такими громоздкими баулами, которые в России согласились бы перевозить только в качестве негабаритного багажа.
Агитгазетки красным бъют в глаз.
Подняли пургу телестанции хреновы.
Из транзистора - гипножабий глас:
"Товарищ! Ты подготовился к пленуму?!"
ПРЕДСТОЯЩИЙ ПЛЕНУМ: РАЗБЛЮДОВКА И ИНФОГРАФИКА
Beijing. While the CPC National Congress and the first plenary session of the CPC Central Committee are always held in the Great Hall of the People, the other plenary sessions take place at the Jingxi Hotel on West Chang'an Avenue, which is owned by the People's Liberation Army and is not open to the public.
Who attends the Third Plenary Session?
More than 200 members of the 18th CPC Central Committee, plus about 170 alternate members. Usually, a few high-ranking officials of the CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and members of other central departments under the CPC Central Committee are invited to attend the meeting, but cannot vote.
According to Southern Weekly, about 40 grassroots delegates to the 17th CPC National Congress from the countryside and a number of experts on rural areas were invited to attend the third plenum of the 17th CPC Central Committee in 2008.
What do they do?
The plenum will first hear a work report from the Political Bureau, delivered by the general secretary. The attendees will discuss, and are expected to approve, a document outlining the major thrust of reform during the next decade.
On Oct 29, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee announced that the document for the upcoming meeting has been entitled The Decision of the CPC Central Committee on Several Important Issues of Comprehensively Deepening Reform.
In 2008, 49 officials and scholars, led by then Vice-Premier Hui Liangyu, and then secretary of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, Wang Huning, spent around six months working on the document for the third plenum of the 17th CPC Central Committee.
Approximately 3,000 people were consulted and the draft was revised 41 times. The document, of about 15,000 characters, called The Decision of the CPC Central Committee on Propelling the Reform and Development of Rural Areas, was published after the meeting.
ЧЕГО ЖДЕТ НАРОД ОТ НЫНЕШНЕГО ПЛЕНУМА
ЧТО ОБЫЧНО ПРОИСХОДИТ НА КАЖДОМ ИЗ СЕМИ ПЛЕНУМОВ В РАМКАХ ОДНОГО СОЗЫВА ЦК
According to the Party Constitution, the CPC National Congress is held every five years, at which the Party's Central Committee is elected. The Constitution states that plenary sessions should be held at least once a year, but doesn't specify the total number to be held between meetings of the CPC Congress. Since 1992, seven plenums have been held between each congress.
The First Plenary Session
This is usually held immediately after the National Congress. The newly elected CPC Central Committee elects the Political Bureau, its standing committee and general secretary.
The Second Plenary Session
This plenum usually discusses the list of candidates for the country's next administration. When finalized, the list is recommended to the upcoming National People's Congress, China's top legislature. A list of leadership candidates for the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, China's top political advisory body, is also discussed.
The Third Plenary Session
This is the plenum that always attracts the greatest attention, because it lays out the blueprint for economic reform.
The Fourth Plenary Session
This usually focuses on Party building. Issues such as anti-corruption and intra-Party democracy were discussed at the fourth Plenary Session of the 17th CPC Central Committee in 2009.
The Fifth Plenary Session
This plenum usually discusses the Five-Year Plans which outline key economic and development targets for the country. In 2010, the Fifth Plenary Session of the 17th CPC Central Committee made a proposal for the 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-15), which was passed during the National People's Congress in 2011.
The Sixth Plenary Session
The Sixth Plenary Session of the 17th CPC Central Committee discussed deepening the reform of the country's cultural system, while the session of the 16th CPC Central Committee focused on building a harmonious society.
The Seventh Plenary Session
This session is usually held a week before the CPC National Congress and lays the groundwork for the event. Amendments to the Party Constitution were discussed at the previous two seventh plenary sessions and passed at the subsequent CPC Congresses.ЧТО БУДУТ ОБСУЖДАТЬ НА НЫНЕШНЕМ ПЛЕНУМЕ
Reform of State-owned enterprises has always been seen as a key issue. Now, the clamor for greater reform is growing louder.
SOEs are granted a monopoly in some industries, such as energy, power and telecoms, and private enterprise is excluded. SOEs also receive government subsidies and have much easier access to credit than independent companies.
In May, Xinhua News Agency reported that a National Audit Office audit of 10 SOEs discovered a wide range of problems, including inaccurate accounting, incomplete financial statements and illegal practices.
While more than half of the Chinese population lives in cities, only about a quarter of city dwellers have obtained urban hukou, or household registration permits. The system, which dates back to the 1950s, is widely considered to have reduced migrant workers to "second-class citizen" status. Although the migrants workers live, work and pay taxes in the cities, they are unable to enjoy the same opportunities in terms of education and social welfare as residents who hold a city hukou.
The law allows farmers to lease their land, but they have no say in how it is used or managed and they are strictly prohibited from selling it. However, the law does allow the government to acquire a farmer's land for public use, after paying compensation, and transfer it to real estate developers for a high profit. Land sales have become an increasingly important source of local government fiscal revenue, rising to 63.7 percent in 2011 from 9.19 percent in 1999.
A tax-sharing system introduced in 1994 favored the central government. Under the tax overhaul, the central government enjoyed 75 percent of the revenue raised from value added tax - the single largest source of Chinese government revenue. A recent report by Tsinghua University estimated that local government debt has reached 19.41 billion yuan.
Following the recent opening of the Shanghai Free Trade Zone, wider financial freedom is expected to boost the real economy.
Experts suggest China should develop small banks and financial institutions which specialize in providing financing for small and medium-sized enterprises.
Also, although China has allowed banks to decide their own lending rates since July, deposit rates are still set by the central bank.
Specific measures are also awaited to make the Shanghai FTZ a vanguard in the internationalization of the renminbi and open up the flow of capital.
Since March, the central government has scrapped or devolved 334 administrative approval rights in an effort to further push forward administrative reform. Administrative examination and approval refers to the practice of administrative organs granting citizens, legal persons or other organizations the right to engage in specified activities in accordance with a legal review. After 1949, administrative approval became an important means of implementing China's planned economy. On Nov 1, Premier Li Keqiang urged local governments to press ahead with institutional reform and reduce government intervention in the market.